One Day in Dordrecht: Oldest City in Holland

When I say Holland, you will probably think of Amsterdam. Some of you might also know about Rotterdam or The Hague, but let’s face it: most won’t really know about the rest of the Netherlands. It’s a shame really, because there are a ton of lovely smaller cities across the country. One of those lovely cities is Dordrecht: the oldest city in Holland and a true historic gem. With its many canals, picturesque streets and charming inner city port, this Dutch city certainly deserves a spot on your bucket list. Allow me to tell you why.

Exploring the Historic Streets and Canals of Dordrecht: Oldest City in Holland

As the oldest city in Holland, Dordrecht has a historic town center

The Beginnings of Dordrecht Island

Dordrecht, also nicknamed ‘Dordt’, has a rich cultural history and is technically the oldest city in Holland (meaning the oldest city within the modern-day provinces of North-Holland and South-Holland). First mention of the town stems from 1120 and Dordrecht officially claimed city rights in 1220. You can find over 950 monuments, 7 churches, and 6 museums in the medieval city center alone. The city was built on the Dordrecht Island (Het Eiland van Dordt). Interestingly, the city wasn’t an island from the very beginning. Dordrecht became an island after the disastrous Saint Elisabeth flood of November 1421.

Picture-perfect Bridges and Canals

The island of Dordrecht is also known for its beautiful network of old canals. In fact, the name ‘Dordrecht’ most likely originates from an older Dutch word meaning ‘thoroughfare’ (Thuredrecht). Some argue this word stems from the city’s history as a major European trade port, where ‘thoroughfare’* refers to the canals where ships used to sail through. The ships needed to pass through the canals to get from one river to another. When I was exploring the center of town and crossing countless of quaint little bridges, Dordrecht even reminded me a little bit of a Dutchified Venice! Just ducks though, no gondoliers.

Finding the Hidden Animal Kingdom in Dordrecht

What I especially liked about Dordrecht is that there seemed to be hidden animals everywhere! Not real ones, unfortunately, except for the pigeons and dogs. But I noticed there were countless of cool statues and cute store signs hanging from the renaissance style Dordtse gevels (Dordtian facades). Lions, swans, cows, elephants…you name it. Those interesting-looking door knockers, for instance, can be found throughout the old town. That roaring lion statue is part of the Dordrecht city hall, a major monument in town.

Street view in the historic town center of Dordrecht, oldest city in Holland

Take a Moment for Monuments like Dordrecht City Hall

Naturally, since Dordrecht is the oldest city in Holland, it would be a shame to skip the monuments. One of the most important buildings in Dordrecht is the city hall on Stadhuisplein from 1383. It is now a renaissance building in neoclassic style with large columns and impressive lion statues. The building was initially a cloth hall, but later became a city hall in 1544. The neoclassic decorations are from late medieval period, inspired by new architectural trends in Amsterdam. The city hall continues to be the seat of the seat of the city’s government and it is a popular place for weddings.

Grote Kerk: A must-see for your Dordrecht City Trip

The Grote Kerk, officially the Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe-Kerk (‘Our Dear Lady Church’), belongs to the Dutch Top 100 of UNESCO monuments and is probably the most iconic building in Dordrecht.

The church was constructed between 1285 and 1470 and has a 65 m tower with 67 bells. The heaviest bell weighs 9830 kilos, which even makes it the heaviest bell in the Netherlands. If you pay close attention, you may notice that the tower is slightly crooked. Just like the Tower of Pisa, this crookedness is the result of the soft and swampy soil underneath the building.

Visiting Dordrecht For One Day

I visited Dordrecht on a pleasant summer’s day in August earlier this year. I knew that Dordrecht had always been a beautiful city. Still, I was surprised by the appeal of the pretty canals and adorable rows of historic little houses. If I were to describe Dordrecht in two words, it would be “delightfully charming”.

If you ever decide to take a trip to Holland, you definitely shouldn’t miss out on a visit to Dordrecht. One day should be enough to get a taste of this historic city. A weekend would be even better, if you have the time. And if you’re planning to spend more time in the Netherlands, Dordrecht is great to combine with visits to nearby cities like Rotterdam and Breda. You can easily reach Dordrecht via public transport, usually most conveniently by train. Check out my other articles for inspiration and information about the Netherlands here.


14 thoughts on “One Day in Dordrecht: Oldest City in Holland

  1. Dordrecht seems to be pretty amazing! Really nice photos 🙂 Hope to visit some time, it looks like a place I would fall in love with 🙂

  2. That was a nice read and thanks for promoting my lovely city!
    Great photo’s as well. Even without the Nieuwe Haven, Kuipershaven, Damiatebolwerk or Groothoofd (which are usually depicted), you captured the city centre nicely.

    Now let’s see what else is on your blog. I think I saw some nice things here…

  3. Thanks for the great article on Dordrecht! I was born there in June of 1966 but only lived there till I was 2. In 1968 we immigrated to Canada where I still live. I have returned to visit family many times and enjoyed walking the streets and hunting for great pictures of the canals and buildings as well. I am lucky that some of my relatives live in some of the oldest homes in the very center of Dorr so I got to see the building up close and personal! Thanks again!
    Dutch boy on Vancouver island.

    1. Thank you very much for your comment! 😀 Glad to hear you enjoyed my blog post, it really is an incredibly charismatic place. Best wishes from Breda 🙂

  4. Beste Roselinde,

    Gedeeld op Facebook. Het blijkt een erg populair bericht te zijn, de likes rijzen de pan uit!
    Wat je zegt over de Thuredrecht klopt waarschijnlijk niet. Drecht (oorspronkelijk driht) betekende doorwaadbare plaats (van een rivier), zoals ook in Utrecht, Zwijndrecht, Papendrecht enz. enz, terwijl de Thure het oorspronkelijke riviertje was waaraan Dordrecht was gelegen, een afsplitsing van de Dubbel, dat mogelijk liep waar nu het kanaaltje is achter de Voorstraat.
    Niettemin een fantastische blogpost!
    Vriendelijke groeten, Jeroen Overduin

    1. Beste Jeroen,
      Heel erg bedankt voor je reactie en het delen van de link! Erg leuk om te horen dat mijn post in de smaakt valt 😀 Ook bedankt voor deze etymologische nuancering, ik zal mijn post een beetje aanpassen.
      Groetjes, Roselinde

      1. Graag gedaan, jij ook bedankt! Je gaat HoedichterbijDordt vast volgen en delen met je vrienden? Groeten, Jeroen

  5. The city of Dordrecht used the title of ‘old est city in Holland,referring to the Dutch meaning and usage of ‘Holland’, the historical region and county that consisted of the modern day provinces of Zuid Holland and Noord Holland..There are quite a few cities in the country of the Netherlands (eg Nijmegen and Maastricht) that are considerably older than Dordrecht ..
    But,Dordrecht (my city of birth) is a very nice and pretty town indeed. .and certainly worth visiting!

    1. I am definitely aware, I’m Dutch myself, so I wouldn’t confuse Holland with the Netherlands 😉 This is why I opened this post with the sentence: “Dordrecht (or ‘Dordt’) is a town in the province of South Holland, the Netherlands”. But thank you for taking the time to read my blog and for your comment as well, it could still be clarifying to any international readers! I’ll slightly tweak my post 🙂

      1. but even then it is not true, it is the oldest city of nowadays Holland. The oldest city of Holland originally is Geertuidenberg which once belonged to the province of South-Holland but now belongs to North- Brabant. Geertruidenberg got it cityrights in 1213 and therefore the oldest city of Holland.

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